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Who Is Confucius?

Confucius (born Kong Qiu, styled Zhong Ni) lived in 551 B.C. - 479 B.C., China. Confucius is a name given by Western missionary, which has no meaning to the Chinese. The Chinese people call him Kong Fuzi or Kong Zi or Master Kong. To learn more about Confucius, check out the biographies by Sanderson Beck, Keith Ammann and Confucius Publishing. There is also a very good audio biography by Inteliquest.

To learn Chinese culture, it is better to learn some Confucianism since it has been well integrated in Chinese culture and is the official state philosophy for over 2000 years. Confucianism is part of the Chinese people's daily life as it is the foundation of Chinese family structure, and the guidance for personal attitudes and behaviors.

Confucius's contribution is in his ideas about the government, school, family, and ethics, and in his teaching. The following is a list of works by Confucius and his disciples.

Four Books:

Analects (Lun Yu):
  • Full Text of The Lun Yu in English
  • Selected Verse of The Lun Yu in both Chinese and English
  • The Analects of Confucius in English, translated by Charles Muller
  • Analects or Lunyu in many different languages
  • Analects of Confucius [Kong Zi]

    The Great Learning (Da Xue):

  • Da Xue in Chinese
  • The Great Learning in English
  • The Great Learning, translated by Charles Muller

    The Doctrine of the Mean (Zhong Yong):

  • The Doctrine of the Mean (Zhong Yong) in Chinese
  • Doctrine of the Mean, translated by Charles Muller

    Mencius (Meng Zi):

  • Mencius (Selections), translated by Charles Muller
  • Comments and Corrections to D.C. Lau's Mencius
  • Mencius' Mother Moves House Three Times
  • Mencius (372-289 B.C.)
  • Mencius, Table of Contents, Notes in Chinese
  • Classics:

    The Book of Changes (Yi Jing or IChing):
  • YiJing - I Ching - IChing in Chinese
  • I Ching Lexicon
  • Introduction to I Ching by Rich Le Mon
  • IChing Links

    Book of Poetry (Shi Jing):

  • ShiJing - The Book of Songs 1, 2, 3

    Classic of History (Shu Jing):

  • Shu Jing in English
  • Selections from the Shu Jing in English
  • Biography of BoYi

    The Rites (Li Ji or Li Chi):

  • The Rites
  • Book of Rites - Chapter 9 - Utopia in Chinese

    Spring and Autumn Annals:

  • Spring and Autumn Annals

    Book of Filial Piety (Xiao Jing):

  • Classic of Filial Piety
  • Xiao Jing (The Classic of Filial Piety) in Chinese Big5.

    Book of Music (Yue Jing)

  • For more information, check out the following links:
  • Confucius Links
  • Chinese Philosophy in Chinese
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